Thoughts on ancient gospels and the like

16 July 2007

Facile comparisons

Filed under: Egyptian,parallels — markandmore @ 13:28

Gavin C. Schmitt has put up a page on his website called 50 Similarities Between Jesus and Horus (actually only 45). I am not going to comment on the Horus side of the comparison except to say that I am unconvinced until I see detailed references to source documents that I can read myself (English translations will do).

The point that I am making here is that the assumptions on the Jesus side are actually untrue if Mark is the Jesus document that we are using.

1 Both were conceived of a virgin. Not in Mark.
2 Both were the “only begotten son” of a god Mark 1:11- ‘Thou art my beloved Son’. No mention of ‘only’.
3 Hours’ mother was Meri, Jesus’s mother was Mary. Unlike in John where the mother remains anonymous, in Mark she has the Roman name, Maria.
4 Hours’ foster father was called Jo-Seph, and Jesus’s foster father was Joseph. Mark says nothing, not a single word about a father.
5 Both foster fathers were of royal descent. Not in Mark.
6 Both were born in a cave. Not in Mark.
7 Both had their coming announced to their mother by an angel. Not in Mark.
8 Hours; birth was heralded by the star Sirius. Jesus had his birth heralded by a star in the East. Not in Mark.
9 Ancient Egyptians celebrated the birth of Hours on December 21 (the Winter Solstice). Modern Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus on December 25. Not in Mark.
10 Both births were announced by angels Not in Mark.
11 Both had shepherds witnessing the birth. Not in Mark.
12 Hours was visited at birth by “three solar deities” and Jesus was visited by “three wise men”. Not in Mark. Incidentally neither Matthew nor Luke has both wise men and shepherds.
13 After the birth of Hours, Herut tried to have Hours murdered. After the birth of Jesus, Herod tried to have Jesus murdered. Not in Mark. Herod did order the killing of the children of his wife Miriam after he suspected her of an affair with a Joseph. This is the only historical parallel.
14 To hide from Herut, the god That tells Isis, “Come, thou goddess Isis, hide thyself with thy child.” To hide from Herod, an angel tells Joseph to “arise and take the young child and his mother and flee into Egypt.” Not in Mark.
15 When Hours came of age, he had a special ritual where his eye was restored. When Jesus (and other Jews) come of age, they have a special ritual called a Bar Mitzvah. Not in any of the Gospels.
16 Both Hours and Jesus were 12 at this coming-of-age ritual. Not in Mark.
17 Neither have any official recorded life histories between the ages of 12 and 30. See 19.
18 Hours was baptized in the river Eridanus. Jesus was baptized in the river Jordan. Finally a datum that is actually in Mark.
19 Both were baptized at age 30. The age of Mark’s Jesus is not specified.
20 Hours was baptized by Anup the Baptizer. Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist. This is in Mark.
21 Both Anup and John were later beheaded. Ditto.
22 Hours was taken from the desert of Amenta up a high mountain to be tempted by his arch-rival Set. Jesus was taken from the desert in Palestine up a high mountain to be tempted by his arch-rival Satan. Mark’s account only says the wilderness. There is no mention of a mountain, high or low. Satan is nowhere in the NT presented as a rival messiah.
23 Both Hours and Jesus successfully resist this temptation. Yes.
24 Both have 12 disciples. Jesus also has Levi and BarTimeus who are not in the count of 12.
25 Both walked on water, cast out demons, healed the sick, and restored sight to the blind. Yes.
26 Hours “stilled the sea by his power.” Jesus commanded the sea to be still by saying, “Peace, be still.” This is the Markan version.
27 Hours raised his dead father (Osiris) from the grave. Jesus raised Lazarus from the grave. (Note the similarity in names when you say them out loud. Further, Osiris was also known as Asar, which is El-Asar in Hebrew, which is El-Asarus in Latin.) Not in Mark.
28 Osiris was raised in the town of Anu. Lazarus was raised in Bethanu (literally, “house of Anu”). Bethany is in Mark, but not Lazarus.
29 Both gods delivered a Sermon on the Mount. Not in Mark.
30 Both were crucified. Yes.
31 Both were crucified next to two thieves. Yes.
32 Both were buried in a tomb. Yes.
33 Hours was sent to Hell and resurrected in 3 days. Jesus was sent to Hell and came back “three days” later (although Friday night to Sunday morning is hardly three days). Not in the NT
34 Both had their resurrection announced by women. Mark 16:8 – And they went out quickly, and fled from the sepulchre; for they trembled and were amazed: neither said they any thing to any man; for they were afraid.This is the last verse. The women never made the announcement.
35 Both are supposed to return for a 1000-year reign. Not in Mark.
36 Hours is known as KRST, the anointed one. Jesus was known as the Christ (which means “anointed one”). Yes.
37 Both Jesus and Hours have been called the good shepherd, the lamb of God, the bread of life, the son of man, the Word, the fisher, and the winnower. lamb and winnower are not used in Mark.
38 Both are associated with the zodiac sign of Pisces (the fish). Not in Mark.
39 Both are associated with the symbols of the fish, the beetle, the vine, and the shepherd’s crook. Not in Mark.
40 Hours was born in Anu (“the place of bread”) and Jesus was born in Bethlehem (“the house of bread”). Not in Mark.
41 “The infant Hours was carried out of Egypt to escape the wrath of Typhon. The infant Jesus was carried into Egypt to escape the wrath of Herod. Concerning the infant Jesus, the New Testament states the following prophecy: ‘Out of Egypt have I called my son.'” (See Point 13) Not in Mark.
42 Both were transfigured on the mount. Yes.
43 The catacombs of Rome have pictures of the infant Hours being held by his mother, not unlike the modern-day images of “Madonna and Child.” Not in Mark.
44 Noted English author C. W. King says that both Isis and Mary are called “Immaculate”. Not in Mark.
45 Hours says: “Osiris, I am your son, come to glorify your soul, and to give you even more power.” And Jesus says: “Now is the Son of Man glorified and God is glorified in him. If God is glorified in him, God will glorify the Son in himself, and will glorify him at once.” Not in Mark.

Sum total: 13 of these 45 points are in Mark. This is not a good score.


1 Comment »

  1. As this was written long ago and more or less on a whim, I never fleshed it out. You’re 100% correct that it needs better documentation. Perhaps this excellent post will encourage me to do so. I have been linked by others, but never have I seen such a thorough examination.

    Comment by Gavin Schmitt — 16 July 2007 @ 13:56 | Reply

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